The writers are Phoenicians, Amorites, and Philistines, but in no instance Hittites, though Hittites are mentioned.
The tablets consist of official dispatches and letters, dating from B. 1480, addressed to the two Pharaohs, Amenophis III and IV, the last of this dynasty, from the kings and governors of Phoenicia and Canaan.
In the time of Hezekiah, Egypt was conquered by Ethiopians from the Soudan [Sudan], who constituted the Twenty-fifth Dynasty. Among his successors were Necho (2 Kings ) and Hophra, or Apries (Jeremiah 37:5,7, 11). ALSO SEE: Ancient Egypt was a place of great idolatry.
The Egyptian religion was a strange mixture of pantheism and animal worship, the gods being adored in the form of animals.
When the Old Empire of Menes came to an end, the seat of empire was shifted to Thebes, some 300 miles farther up the Nile.
Abraham and Sarah went to Egypt in the time of the shepherd kings.Under the Old Empire, Ptah, the Creator, the god of Memphis, was at the head of the Pantheon; afterwards Amon, the god of Thebes, took his place.Amon, like most of the other gods, was identified with Ra, the sun-god of Heliopolis (Iunu, Ôn, Āwen, Ὂν).The Egyptians believed in a resurrection and future life, as well as in a state of rewards and punishments dependent on our conduct in this world.The judge of the dead was Osiris, who had been slain by Set, the representative of evil, and afterwards restored to life.